A neurosurgeon focuses his or her career on treating diseases of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems through a variety of surgical techniques. While many doctors focus on just one region of the body, the nervous system travels throughout, including the extremities. For this reason, a neurosurgeon can perform all manner of operations from a patient\'s head to his or her toes. The procedures are often enhanced by the use of advanced technology in the form of CT scans, MRIs, PET scans, and other high-tech machines. When someone refers to a brain surgeon, he or she is talking about a neurosurgeon.
Doctors who wish to be certified through the American Board of Neurological Surgery must have a substantial educational and experiential background in the field. They must pass written and oral examinations and will be reviewed through multiple means. These doctors must be specially trained in order to perform surgery on the brain and the nervous system. Patients may be referred to a neurosurgeon by a neurologist or other type of doctor because of their highly specialized knowledge and skill set. These doctors will also perform a number of procedures that involve the spine, so patients with back injuries may find themselves needing the services of a neurosurgeon, as well.
Neurosurgeons would most often be brought in to treat patients with the following conditions or diseases:
- Brain Tumors
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Head Trauma
- Movement Disorders
- Peripheral Nerve Damage
- Spina Bifida
- Spinal Disc Problems
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