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Hemorrhoid Surgery (Hemorrhoidectomy)

Underlying Problem Requiring Hemorrhoid Surgery:
Hemorrhoid surgery, also known as a hemorrhoidectomy, is used to relieve the discomfort caused by inflamed veins in the rectum or anus. Also called piles, hemorrhoids have several causes, including constipation, diarrhea, hypertension, obesity, and pregnancy. Sitting for long periods of time can also cause hemorrhoids, as can consuming excessive amounts of caffeine or alcohol. The result of these causes is swelling, bleeding, pain, and itching. While hemorrhoids are often internal, it is possible for them to protrude through the anus, and either type might require hemorrhoid surgery. This can create a hard lump that is quite painful. Internal hemorrhoids, however, are generally in an area that does not have pain receptors, and the individual is unaware that they have developed.

Treatment:

There are numerous methods for treating hemorrhoids, and hemorrhoid surgery is probably the most radical. Some of the noninvasive approaches include properly hydrating, drinking chamomile tea, applying Witch Hazel, and using a squatting position for bowel movements.

The options for surgical and other non-drug-related options are also varied and far-reaching. For example, sclerotherapy involves injecting a hardening agent into the hemorrhoid, resulting in the collapse of the vein wall and the subsequent shriveling of the hemorrhoid. Another option is to cauterize the tissues by using electricity, an infrared beam, or a laser.

A hemorrhoidectomy is usually only recommended for the most severe hemorrhoids. A stapled hemorrhoidectomy resects the soft tissue in order to cut off the blood supply to the hemorrhoids. This type of hemorrhoid surgery is usually less painful than completely removing the tissue. Dopplar-guided hemorrhoidal artery ligation is another minimally-invasive procedure that requires no cutting and causes an immediate end to the bleeding.

Recovery from Hemorrhoid Surgery:

Recovery from hemorrhoid surgery will depend on the type of procedure that was chosen. While some pain is likely, it should not last for a long period of time. In fact, those who choose the Doppler-guided artery ligation as their form of hemorrhoid surgery may even be able to return to work the very same day.

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