Hip Replacement Surgery
Underlying Problem Requiring Hip Replacement Surgery:
The most common reason for hip replacement is to combat joint failure resulting from osteoarthritis. However, it can also be an option for those dealing with other types of arthritis, hip fractures, bone tumors, and several other conditions. In most cases, the hip replacement is performed in order to relieve pain and to improve hip function. Patients will usually try other approaches first, with hip replacement surgery being a major decision.
Hip replacement surgery involves literally removing the natural hip and replacing it with a synthetic one. In many cases, the new joint is made from metal that creates little friction as the ball moves within the socket. There are now several options available, including ones that retain some of the natural bone, plating it instead with the low-friction metal.
Doctors have different approaches to hip replacement surgery. For example, the posterior approach comes at the joint from the rear, preserving the hip abductors. Other techniques include the lateral approach, the anterolateral approach, and the anterior approach. No one approach is considered to be superior, although some require computer guidance to ensure precision.
Although hip replacement surgery is often associated with older people, it is not limited to this demographic. Because of modern advancements, new hip replacement procedures are allowing patients to be more and more active post-surgery. These advancements are creating new opportunities for young and old alike to move forward with their lives without the pain of arthritis.
Recovery from Hip Replacement Surgery:
After a hip replacement surgery, the patient will spend a few hours in recovery before being moved to his or her room. The overall hospital stay will probably last for three or four days, depending on what the situation requires. Medication will be used to manage pain after surgery. As the patient regains strength, physical therapy will be used to regain normal or near-normal function after hip replacement surgery.
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